revision history of this document is at the bottom)
The construction of the euro symbol / logo / glyph
http://europa.eu.int/euro/html/dossiers/00203/html/index-EN.html (not found June
Euro logo colour specification and downloadable vector (WMF)
and bitmap (TIF) images with and without construction lines and angles.
Notes on the euro symbol
(PDF, v4.4, 21/03/1999, 34pp, 409K). This document, made
available by John Gray, contains information about how the
euro symbol is supported in Microsoft operating systems and
Office packages. This more-or-less final update takes into
account the recent Microsoft limited euro-support for
Windows 3.x (which can be supplemented, at your own risk,
with the euro-fonts originally intended for Windows
95/98/NT!), and has some minor changes over the previous
version posted on this site two months ago. He also
contributes a smaller 81K version win3xeur.pdf specially for the
Windows 3.x users still out there.
Some browsers have problems when downloading files. If
you experience problems, simply right-click on the pdf link
and choose "Save Link As" or "Save Target
Microsoft's Euro Resource centre on TechNet. Features: Preparing Desktop PCs for the Euro;
Microsoft White Papers on the Euro; Euro Currency Support for Windows;
Office Support for Euro; The Euro Currency Symbol Q&A
You can search the Microsoft
support site for updates, patches, fonts, free
downloads, information on the keystrokes to obtain the
symbol in various keyboard layouts. For example, in the UK
and Ireland, the key combination is AltGr+4. (The AltGr key
is the same as holding Alt+Ctrl together)
"The Euro toolbar button for Excel 97 allows you to
format currency using the euro. The Euro button will be
added to the right of the Currency Style button on the
Formatting toolbar and will apply a euro style to numbers
that show two decimal digits and follow the regional
settings decimal separator and thousands separator."
Pc/Windows: Download the Windows 95 Euro product update
from the Microsoft web page at
and install the software on your PC. Also, see the
Microsoft Typography FAQ page: www.microsoft.com/typography/faq/faq12.htm
Jan Huffman reported in 1998 on tests on various MS
products with the MS fonts and they work in Office 97
but not earlier versions. Apple have started adding the symbol to their fonts. It
can be specified using Unicode or via GX features.
Adobe provided in 1998 fonts for free download: Euro
Sans/Serif/Mono. For each font style, every character in the
font, except the Space character, is an identical Euro. Adobe
have also added the Euro to their Symbol font.
John Gray reports that www.unicode.org
gives the Unicode address of the Euro as U+20AC.
A Wordperfect for DOS support page by Edward Mendelson shows how to
get the euro symbol in MS-DOS and full-screen DOS boxes in Windows 95, 98, and
Firstly, backup the existing files ega.cpi and keyboard.sys.
Then visit the IBM PC DOS 7 Y2K patch FTP site: ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/ps/products/dos/fixes/dos7.0/year2000/
Download the file dos7??y2.exe dated 12/15/1998 12:00AM 1,362,732
bytes. (?? is the country code, US for USA and UK PCs) Run
it to extract the file DOSUPDAT.EXE, then run that to
extract EGA.CPI and KEYBOARD.SYS which replace the files of
the same name in the C:\Windows\Command directory. The IBM
euro symbol looks rather odd, the top and bottom curves of
the E have curious excrescences.
From: Dick Koster on comp.lang.clipper
Subject: Printing Euro sign - new solution
What the following does is to send a "C", backspace, switch to a smaller
font, reposition slightly upwards, send a "double horizontal line drawing
graphic"; and then undo all the changes. HP printers only!
HP laser printers need a 0.1 row repositioning; on an HP
deskjet, it is better to reposition with only 0.05 row.
set printer on
* Move print position up 0.1 row (LJ) or .05 (DJ)
dotoneup:=chr(27)+"&a-.1R" // -.05R (DJ)
* Move print position down 0.1 row (LJ) or .05 (DJ)
dotonedown:=chr(27)+"&a+.1R" // +.05R (DJ)
* pitch 16 cpi
* pitch 10 cpi
* Print 100 Euro
Download this HP Macro contributed by Klas Engwall of
Engwall InfoTech AB in Göteborg (April 2001)
The Euro macros for LaserJet printers
"It is a solution for printing the Euro character, not for displaying it on screen. Also, it will only work on the HP LaserJet 4 and newer HP laser printers and on LaserJet compatible printers from other manufacturers. It will not work on dot matrix or ink printers or on laser printers that do not support the PCL5 printer control language. It is also only designed for those who print in character mode using the built-in fixed pitch Courier font of the laser printer. In this document, all supported printers are referred to as LaserJet printers irrespective of manufacturer."
HP LaserJet Printers - Euro Symbol Font
The following shows which HP LaserJet printers are
"Euro Ready" and how to obtain a Euro solution for
printers that do not have support for the Euro symbol.
HP eurosign fonts developer's reference guide: http://www.hp.com/pond/euro/indexes/lj426.htm
Keyboard Layout Loader (shareware). This
program allows you to install a third-party layout (not
created by Microsoft). For example, if you want to have a
Euro sign on your standard US keyboard, you can download US
layout with Euro from this site and install it on your
computer using this program. It works with Windows 95,
Windows 95-OSR/2, Windows 98 and Windows ME operating
systems as well as with Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000
ConvertAll's Eurofont is a true type font which comes
with a macro to automatically insert the euro symbol. This
works in Word 97 and 98 and Office 2000 and can be used in
conjunction with any other font. Older versions of Word can
use the Eurofont but not the macro. The font is available
free at www.convertall.com
www.uwe-sieber.de/dosfon_e.htmlNewDOS.FON from Uwe Sieber contains four new OEM-fonts for the DOS-Box and
Consoles, freeware for private use. They are available with Codepages 437, 850, 865 and 852.
A licence is required for commercial use and full-screen
A German site has a free downloadable TrueType font with
many curiously-shaped Euros, as well as the EC 'logo'-shape,
on www.svensson.de/euro.htm. You
should click on "Euro Collection v2.1 downloaden" (12KB)
Martin Vogel's Symbols TrueType font MARVOSYM.TTF with a few 'EC
Euro'-and-other-shaped symbols (and many other unrelated
symbols), available in English: www.marvosym.de
"The euro sign in HTML and in some other contexts"
by JukkaKorpela "the correct numeric reference is € and the correct entity reference is €"
EuroType Ltd. sell EuroGlyph, a Euro symbol font enhancement
tool that is compatible all the way back to Windows
Console euro font for terminal. "This font is the iso-8859-15 version of linux
font project terminal font. You need a iso-8859-15 font for displaying the euro
symbol (€), at least until UTF8 becomes the standard."
Note that a listing here does not imply endorsement.
These are just links we have found on the web. (valutaomregner, Konvertor, converter,
convertidor, muuntolaite, convertisseur, convertitore,
convertor, tabela de conversão, omräkningstabell,
"ConvertAll converts documents, it automatically
searches for monetary amounts and replaces (or appends)
converted values, in any number of currencies, with any
descriptors. It is seamlessly integrated into Word &
Excel and Office 2000, network distribution allows central
control of variable exchange rates and it is warranted to
comply with statutory European rules." This
product has now been tested and certified by Systems
Modelling Ltd. to comply with the conversion and rounding
rules of regulation 1103/97.
"HelloEURO allows you to convert your existing data in
Microsoft Word Documents, Microsoft Excel Worksheets,
Microsoft Notepad to Euro. The software is optimised for
Office97 and includes a Euro Calculator".
have a data scanner "EuroFind", can be integrated
with Sopra Euroconverter.
The Trilox EuroPrice
converter (offline Aug'04)
has a free calculator with euro conversion features. Other
features, like the online collection of exchange rates,
LAN-based configuration for corporate deployment, and the
conversion of spreadsheet cell data require a license.
Geert Desmet's eurocalculator was small and simple. (gone Dec 2002)
Other vendors are offering conversion tools and
libraries. They feature such techniques as wrapping
(or 'wrappering'), encapsulation, bridging, all of which
have been generically called masking, or more facetiously
'bandaging'. These have in common the insertion of a
conversion routine at some interface, whether around the
database, the application, or the user input, or the output.
They allow conversion to take place in one place without
disturbing other parts of the system.
The Application of Wrapper Techniques to the Enabling of
Financial Systems for the Euro (June 1998) Scientific
Computing Service Limited.
A problem that is common to all conversion efforts
appears most obviously in invoices and statements. It is the
fact that the sum of converted amounts is no the same as the
converted original sum. This is an inevitable result of
rounding (see the rules) and it is up to you to define your
approach to handling this. We
can explain to you what the various approaches are and
their advantages and disadvantages. For example, posting
adjustments for rounding differences, adding "gap
fields" to the database, etc. Here is what the
Association of British Insurers has to say about wrapping
and euro database conversions:
www.abi.org.uk had a position paper
"Wrappers are not viable as a general approach to euro
conversion. They appear to be an unsuitable contingency
option - the time and effort to complete additional systems
work needed to make them more acceptable are likely to be
too great, without ever addressing sufficiently well the
business problems created. They may still have a role to
play in the conversion approach of certain applications
where the number of calculations is minimal and processing
of business originating in euro is not involved."
EFFAS Permanent Commission on Performance Measurement
Guidelines in Respect of the Impact of Euro Conversion gives
an example of how to handle historical data conversion.
You should contact these vendors directly to learn about
what techniques apply in your environment. Some apply only
to IBM MVS mainframes, some only to PCs.
(11K PDF shorter version of article in
2000 Euro-Impact magazine)
Millions of spreadsheets have to be converted from national currency units to the euro. Few companies are likely to have the IT resources to
devote expertise to every single one. Most employees will be left to
this themselves, possibly with the help of a converter. Patrick O’Beirne
highlights the traps and suggests some best practice.
2003-04-29 the euro symbol in XML Schemas.
2002-02-23 The Euro sign in HTML
2003-03-24 Engwall euromac page moved
Eurocheck font support checker
Keyboard layout tool
guidance on locale changes, Currency Converter Pro.
Printer macros for the euro symbol
2001-07-16 CEGS Excel/Access converter
2001-07-09 How to get the euro symbol in MS-DOS.
2001-05-25 Spreadsheet tips
2001-04-23 Microsoft support issues.
2001-04-16 Qumic font link
2001-03-31: online euro calculator
added (from Pim Van Mun)
2001-03-25: Claritas Exchange-IT added
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